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What is the Koran? And who wrote it?

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The Noble Koran
asked Mar 18, 2014 in Islam by السلفية الصحيحة الوس Member (760 points)
   

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The noble Koran is the book of God revealed by the angel Gabriel to prophet Mohammed (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), it is the word of God to his apostle (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) including everything a Muslim needs in his life, describing everything will happen to him in the hereafter, showing the great favors prepared for believers and the great torture prepared for disbelievers, the Koran is as God says:
“It is sent down by One Full of Wisdom, Worthy of all Praise (God)” Surat Fosselat, Verse 42.
The apostle (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to get it by revelation and when it was coming to him he felt a sentimental status seen by all people around him, after that he says the verses revealed to him by God, soon the people who could read and write amongst his companions receive them and write them down on pieces of leather or bones or stones and add them to each other according to his orders (Blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), following the instructions of Gabriel, he used to tell him the places of verses when revealed to him. He used to recite all revealed Koran upon him once a year in Ramadan, in the year he died he recited the whole Koran twice upon him in the month of Ramadan, this is among the secrets by which God protects His book.
Some people allege that Prophet Mohammed wrote the Koran by himself, this is a weak plea doesn’t depend on a single true evidence. The prophet was an illiterate man, he didn’t know how to read or write, he wasn’t educated in a university or by teachers, he only left Mecca twice to trade in Syria, he never gone to universities or to learn at nearby towns. Then how did he get the history of previous nations and the news of the following ages and these great legislations that astonish modern scientists as they match the modern actual life? How did he know the most recent scientific theories only discovered nowadays? How did he analyze the human soul and mentioned emotions and obsessions inside man whereas psychology and its theories only appeared at this time?
Many other things also assure that these words are the talk of The Creator and The All Powerful (God).
answered Mar 18, 2014 by hassanelagouz Inquisitive Expert (4,660 points)
selected Mar 19, 2014 by السلفية الصحيحة الوس
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Koran is central faithful text of islam which the muslims believe to be a declaration from God.Koran was written by Mohammed,Arabs or Allah.

answered Mar 18, 2014 by charlie Inquisitive Expert (100,740 points)
The Holy Qur’an is the word of God, and it was revealed to Prophet Mohammad through the Angel Gabriel.  God made the Holy Qur’an Prophet Mohammad’s miracle, and He challenged people to bring about anything similar, but they couldn’t meet the challenge, and the miracle and the challenge are still valid now, and they will be until the Day of Judgment.  Allah says: “Or do they say ‘He forged it’? Say: ‘Bring then a sura like unto it, and call (to your aid) anyone you can, besides Allah, if it be ye speak the truth!” (Holy Qur’an: 10: 38).  This challenge to bring just one sura, no matter how short it is, similar to the ones that are in the Holy Qur’an is a testimony that this holy book was not written by Man, for had Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) fabricated it, another human would have been able to bring something similar.

It is interesting and valuable to know, in this respect, the difference between the style of the Holy Qur’an and that of the sayings of the Prophet (pbuh).  We have at our disposal thousands of books containing the traditions of the Prophet (pbuh), and anyone with any knowledge of Arabic stylistics can easily recognize the great difference between the two styles.  The style of the Holy Qur’an is far superior to that of the sayings of the Prophet (pbuh), and beyond the ability of any human to imitate.  The Arabs at the time of the Prophet (pbuh) knew him very well, and knew his linguistic abilities before the Qur’an was revealed to him, for they were eloquent and articulate people, and they used to hold public festivities for reciting poetry. Yet, given the clear stylistic differences between the language of the Holy Qur’an and that of the Prophet (pbuh), none of them could say with fairness that the Qur’an was invented by Mohammad (pbuh).  Moreover, for all his life before the Revelation, he was never known to have any oratory or poetic abilities, and he never took part in any of the cultural activities they used to hold, because, as everybody knew, he was an illiterate person.  A close investigative look at the Holy Qur’an shows many facets of its miraculous nature that further proves that it was revealed by almighty God to the Prophet:

1. The language and style of the Holy Qur’an.  We have already mentioned that the prophet challenged the Arabs to bring something similar, but they failed to meet that challenge.  The Holy Qur’an still poses the same challenge to people all over the world: “Say: ‘If the whole of mankind and Jinns were to gather together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they backed up each other with help and support’.” (Holy Qur’an: 17: 88)

2. The way it was composed.  The Holy Qur’an was not revealed all at once.  Rather, it was revealed throughout more than a twenty-year period, and every time new verse(s) was/were revealed to the Prophet, he asked his companions to place it/them at a certain place in the Qur’an to form a unique sequence.  Nevertheless, the Holy Qur’an was completed in its present form as a homogeneous unit, so much so the reader would think that it was revealed all at once.

3. The knowledge it contains.  The Holy Qur’an contains a lot of information and knowledge that guides people to the right path.  The kind of information it contains is so deep and profound that it would have been impossible for an illiterate person like Mohammad (pbuh), or for any other human, to fabricate it.

4. Its fulfillment of human needs at all times.  This makes the Holy Qur’an unique, because It reformed all beliefs, worships and ethics.  It also reformed society through guiding people to be united and relinquish tribalism because they are all descendants of Adam and Eve, and that no human is better than another except through piety.  The Qur’an teaches people that they are all equal before God.  It also preaches justice, forbids usury, allows trade, and so on and so forth.

5. What the Holy Qur’an had revealed after a long wait.  The Holy Qur’an contains many verses that dealt with great issues, yet they were only revealed after a long wait.  This shows that the Holy Qur’an is the word of almighty God; had it been that of Mohammad (pbuh), there would have been no need for the long wait, as was the case in the verses commenting on the hadith of calumny, and the delay in answering the question of the infidels about the nature of the spirit.

6. Some suras (chapters) of the Holy Qur’an start by the command “say”, and more than 332 verses contain the same command which was addressed to the prophet (pbuh).  This clearly indicates that the Holy Qur’an was not the word of Mohammad (pbuh), but that of God.

7. The scientific evidence it contains.  The Holy Qur’an contains many scientific facts that were not known at the time of revelation.  To save time and space only few examples can be mentioned here; those who want a more detailed account can always refer to the many many books dealing with the Scientific Inimitability in the Holy Qur’an.  The Holy Qur’an states:
“Man we did create from a quintessence (of clay); then We placed him as (a drop of) sperm in a place of rest, firmly fixed; then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (fetus) lump; then We made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then We developed out of it another creature.  So blessed be Allah, the Best to create!” (Holy Qur’an: 23: 12-14).

These verses contain a detailed description of the developmental stages of the embryo, a description that has only been verified by contemporary scientists.  So who could have told Mohammad (pbuh) about these stages of embryological development?  It has been only possible for modern scientists to learn about these stages through the help of modern X-ray and other technological equipments.  Therefore, some scientists converted to Islam as soon as they came across verses like these in the Holy Qur’an, because they knew that no human could have known these facts 1400 years ago.  These verses could have only come from the Creator.

Another example is the description of the forming of clouds and rain, something that nobody knew anything about at the time.  Allah (swt) says in the Holy Qur’an says:

“Seest thou not that Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap? -then wilt thou see rain issue forth from their midst.  And He sends down from the sky mountains masses (of clouds) wherein is hail: He strikes therewith whom He pleases and He turns it away from whom He pleases.  The vivid flash of its lightening well-nigh blinds the sight” (Holy Qur’an: 24: 43).

Almighty God explains in this verse how small clouds get together in the sky, and when they form a big cloud rain falls.  It is doubtful that anybody had known about this mechanism before modern times.  

The Holy Qur’an also talks about the breathlessness caused by ascending to the sky.  Allah says in the Holy Qur’an:
“Those whom Allah willeth to guide, -He openeth their breast to Islam; those whom He willeth to leave straying, -He maketh their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies: thus doth Allah lay abomination on those who refuse to believe (Holy Qur’an: 6: 125).

This verse describes the condition of the aberrant as that of a person ascending towards the sky where there is a lack of oxygen: the higher he gets, the more breathless he feels.  So who could have told Mohammad (pbuh) about that other than the Great Master of the universe?

There are so many other verses that testify to the fact that the Holy Qur’an is the Word of God through exposing scientific evidence relating to man, the earth, the sky, the sea, the stars, and the planets.

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