Ask a Question

What’s new Islam had brought to the Economical Aspect of women’s life?

+1 vote
asked May 20, 2014 in Religion by abdelfatahdroesh Member (390 points)
   

1 Answer

0 votes
-. Inheritance
Islam restored to the woman the right of inheritance, after having been herself an object of inheritance in some cultures. Her share is completely hers and no one can make any claim on it, including her father and her husband. Her share in most cases is one-half the man’s share with no implication that she is worth half a man. The variation in inheritance rights is only consistent with the variations in financial responsibilities of man and woman according to the Islamic law. Man in Islam is fully responsible for the maintenance of his wife, his children, and in some cases of his needy relatives, especially females. This responsibility is neither waived nor reduced because of his wife’s wealth or because of her access to any personal income gained from work, rent, profit or any other legal means. She has no obligation to spend on her family. An examination of the inheritance law reveals not only justice but also an abundance of compassion for women.
_The Right to Possess Personal Property
Islam decreed a right of which women were deprived before Islam: The right of independent ownership. Islam acknowledged the woman’s right to her money, real estate or properties. This right undergoes no change whether she is single or married. She retains her full properties. It is nowhere suggested in the Quran or the Sunnah that a woman is a minor because she is female. The Muslim woman keeps, all her life, her maiden name, an indication of her independent legal entity.
-. Employment
Nothing in the Quran or the Sunnah prevents the Muslim woman from practicing a job or a profession needed by her society, for her own benefit and the benefit of the society. Surely raising her own kids must come on top of her priorities.
After the death of the Prophet, when Umar Ibn Al Khattab was the Khalif, he nominated a woman “Alchiffa” as the supervisor of the town’s market. If a Muslim woman is able to carry out a job without causing or enduring any prejudice for her or for the society, she is entitled to have it.
-. The Political Aspect
1. Women, at the time of the Prophet, used to participate in the “Presidential elections”: The new converts had to give a pledge, personally, to the Prophet. Every one was responsible for the pledge she or he gave to the “President” they have chosen. No man could pledge on behalf of his daughter, wife, sister or mother, nor man could repudiate that pledge. This is true of any vow or pledge a woman makes. The young Muslim community grew in this way, thanks to the individuals who were choosing personally, the new leader, the Prophet Muhammad. This shows clearly the importance of women in the political life.
2.  Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, acted as his secretary of defense during the event of the truce of Hudaybeyah. The Muslims who were going to do the pilgrimage to Mekka were prevented by the pagans and the Prophet agreed to make a truce with them. But that truce did not seem acceptable to the Muslims. They stayed quiet but did not obey the Prophet’s orders. The Prophet told Umm Salama about that delicate situation and she suggested to him what to do. He carried on her suggestion and effectively he was obeyed.
3. The Quran gives the story of the Queen of Sheeba celebrating both her political and religious practices. The Quran demonstrates that her judgment was better than the norm, and she independently demonstrated that better judgment. The Quran shows that her faith and her politics were of a high level. They indicate one who has knowledge, acts on it, and can therefore accept the truth.
_. The Right to Possess Personal Property
Islam decreed a right of which women were deprived before Islam: The right of independent ownership. Islam acknowledged the woman’s right to her money, real estate or properties. This right undergoes no change whether she is single or married. She retains her full properties. It is nowhere suggested in the Quran or the Sunnah that a woman is a minor because she is female. The Muslim woman keeps, all her life, her maiden name, an indication of her independent legal entity.
 
-. Financial Security
Financial security is assured for women in all stages of their lives, as a daughter, wife, mother, sister and sister in faith.
a.  As a daughter: Her father is fully responsible of her until she can earn her sustenance or get married.
b.  As a mother: Her husband should provide for all her needs. If he cannot, her son takes over the responsibilities of his father.
c.  As a sister: If the father cannot meet his responsibilities, her brother replaces the father.
d.  As a sister in faith: All the Muslim community is responsible for the women in need. Zakat (the obligatory Alms) is there to provide for them.
e.  As a wife: She is entitled to full financial support during marriage, and during waiting period (Iddah) in case of divorce or widowhood. The divorcee is also entitled to alimony from her ex-husband. Her financial support does not depend on her own wealth but on the husband’s wealth.
 
answered May 20, 2014 by hassanelagouz Inquisitive Expert (4,660 points)

Categories

ExplainPlease on Facebook

75,014 questions

48,874 answers

1,169 comments

86,971 users

CuriousGirl313,480
BobTheAnswerGuy310,070
smartguy111,120
charlie100,740
bbrown97,580
answerwiz94,860
The.Sage93,460
amanda0192,460
kfox83,500
lsmith82,840
...