It wasa two-pronged attack by Godwinson on Hardrada's army, making use of both the ford and the remnants of the earlier Roman bridge one mile to the south. Topographically, on the east bank of the river from the bridge crossing point, the land rises sharply up to 100 feet at 'High Catton. This is the only high ground around and a good defensive position for Hardrada's army, as they were surprised by Godwinson's sudden appearance on the skyline. Godwinson rounded the ridge at Gate Helmsley to drop downhill onto Hardrada's army. Note: It is Stamford Bridge, not Stanford Bridge.